Back in Europe for the Spanish Grand Prix and after qualifying it sets up the race to be interesting. Historically it has been a track that has been difficult to overtake on, but with these 2022 cars that make following easier, it will be an interesting watch.

Zhou Guanyu starts Q1 off by setting the pace, Yuki Tsunoda and Pierre Gasly go just behind. Tsunoda had his lap deleted for track limits violation.

Red Bull sent their drivers out early, Sergio Perez went fastest, only to be topped by Max Verstappen soon after. Ferrari then topped Red Bull and went 1-2 with Carlos Sainz then Charles Leclerc. Lando Norris went just behind Perez in fifth.

Valtteri Bottas with a good lap went fourth, ahead of Perez. The Mercedes duo of Lewis Hamilton and George Russell then went fourth and fifth respectively, just ahead of Bottas.

Zhou then sets another lap and goes eighth ahead of Norris. The rest that was ahead of the elimination zone were Esteban Ocon, Kevin Magnussen, Fernando Alonso. Then Tsunoda, Sebastian Vettel and Daniel Ricciardo. Gasly, Alex Albon, Lance Stroll, Mick Schumacher, and Nicholas Latifi were all in the elimination zone.

Last runs saw Haas drivers Schumacher and Magnussen go into eighth and fifth respectively. Stroll stayed down in the bottom five, Gasly up to eleventh, Ricciardo goes tenth. Alonso was not able to improve and was eliminated.

Drivers that ended up being eliminated were Vettel, Alonso, Stroll, Albon, and Latifi.

On to Q2 and Mercedes set the pace with Russell and Hamilton. Schumacher goes behind the Mercedes but in front of both Alpha Tauri’s.

Ocon went just behind Schumacher, Norris then splits them, Magnussen then beat them all going third just before Perez took third from him.

Zhou goes into ninth, then 10th with Bottas going fourth, Sainz slotting into fifth, Leclerc then going fourth and Verstappen only just behind Bottas in sixth.

Last runs in Q2 all except Leclerc, Hamilton and Russell went out for final runs of the session.

Sainz goes fastest, Schumacher with no improvement left him on the cusp of elimination.

Gasly only got to thirteenth, Tsunoda went twelfth, Zhou stayed fifteenth. Ricciardo up to ninth, Norris went seventh, however the time did not stick because of a track limits violation, his time was deleted, this meant he was put down to eleventh and Schumacher was promoted up to tenth making it through to Q3.

Drivers eliminated were Norris, Ocon, Tsunoda, Gasly and Zhou.

The beginning of Q3 had both Haas cars set their times on used tyres, then Hamilton set the pace. Russell, Verstappen, Sainz and Perez all beat his time.

Leclerc had his lap ruined as he spun at the penultimate corner, Bottas and Ricciardo went sixth and seventh.

Final runs came and Leclerc got a lap done and went quickest, Verstappen cited power loss on his lap meaning he did not finish his lap and lost out on a potential pole.

Russell had a good lap that put him up to fourth, Sainz got himself up to third, Perez went fifth, Hamilton sixth. Followed by Bottas, Magnussen, Ricciardo and Schumacher.

In a qualifying session that mixed up the top six, it could be an interesting result, especially after practice where Ferrari seemingly were slower on their race runs than Red Bull and Mercedes. So maybe during the race Mercedes could be fighting Red Bull this time around. But historically third place on the grid has an advantage with the slipstream down to turn 1, so could we see Sainz in the lead out of turn 1 at his home race? Nevertheless, could be an interesting watch.

Spanish GP Qualifying Results

1 – Charles Leclerc (Ferrari) 2 – Max Verstappen (Red Bull) 3 – Carlos Sainz (Ferrari) 4 – George Russell (Mercedes) 5 – Sergio Perez (Red Bull) 6 – Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) 7 – Valtteri Bottas (Alfa Romeo) 8 – Kevin Magnussen (Haas) 9 – Daniel Ricciardo (McLaren) 10 – Mick Schumacher (Haas) 11 – Lando Norris (McLaren) 12 – Esteban Ocon (Alpine) 13 – Yuki Tsunoda (Alpha Tauri) 14 – Pierre Gasly (Alpha Tauri) 15 – Zhou Guanyu (Alfa Romeo) 16 – Sebastian Vettel (Aston Martin) 17 – Fernando Alonso (Alpine) 18 – Lance Stroll (Aston Martin) 19 – Alex Albon (Williams) 20 – Nicholas Latifi (Williams)


Disaster Shelters come in many shapes and sizes but almost all are exclusively underground and designed to protect the occupants through specific disasters.

They range from a simple underground shed in someone’s back garden to a complex underground facility designed to house and keep safe hundreds of people deep underground.

Of course the more complex and sturdy a shelter is the more protection it will afford its inhabitants so it becomes down to, for many people, how much they can afford to spend on building a shelter adequate for the purpose of survival in any disaster.

One of the disadvantages of shelters is that one has to be close to them to take advantage in the event of a disaster depending on the forewarning of the disaster. If you have a couple of hours warning then you could likely be far away and have no time to return. If it is a 5 or 4 minute warning you need to be less than 4 minutes away from the entrance.

Here are some important points when considering a disaster shelter.

1. Stability. Some companies sell sheds that can be used above ground. These are next to useless in an earthquake, nuclear attack and similar disasters. I have even seen tents being sold as disaster shelters. Shelter from the rain perhaps but certainly not even from a violent storm. A shelter needs to be underground and the further underground it can be built the better. The only doubt is in earthquake country where the ground can warp and so the shelter can be distorted if the earthquake is violent enough and damage to the occupants and contents may occur. In that case being out in the open is probably the best option. Earthquakes are relatively short albeit violent sometimes, and the main issue is destruction that occurs and follows as a result. Strength and durability is important and using the right material to ensure the shelter remains intact during a disaster is important. Japanese building gs, for example, and built with earthquakes in mind so can tolerate a lot of shaking that would destroy other buildings.

2. Sufficient supplies. This includes of course, food, emergency equipment, water and oxygen. Waste disposal facilities and valves to allow used air to escape so the pressure does not build up. It is generally considered that supplies for three months are adequate for most disasters. Also, if one is underground, provision needs to be made for such things as lighting, heating and refrigeration. So electricity is a must for those. Batteries with possibly Solar cells above feeding electricity down to the batteries is feasible. A generator is another option but of course is limited by the amount of fuel that would be available.

3. Communal shelters are often touted as being more economical with the costs shared between the members. All members would need to be within reach so a communal shelter for a street could be a feasible option. The government and large organisations often have large communal disaster shelters for their VIPs and some staff close by, often directly underneath their office and of course military organisations have a number of underground facilities that can be adapted as disaster shelters if needed.

Shelters are commonly available through the internet, even IKEA produces a build your own shelter believe it or not, and prices range from a few hundred up to many hundreds of thousands of dollars. It should be noted that usually the price is broken up into sections. The basic unit has its own price, then there are prices for ‘add-ons’ which of course are essential, such as waste disposal, actual supplies, generators etc. The overall cost, then, is the accumulation of these important add-ons to the basic unit cost. Then, if one’s shelter is going to be underground, there is the cost of the excavation of the ground itself as well as its preparation.

To have an adequate disaster shelter is not going to be a few hundred dollars but more in the region of thousands and, for many people, it is a major investment into the survival of their future.


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The inaugural Miami GP has taken place and while it may not have been the most exciting affair. It did make some talking points coming out of the race. With Red Bull once again picking up top form and another win over championship rivals Ferrari, and with the most straight-line speed, it all worked in the favour of Red Bull to pick up the win.

From the start, it was critical for Max Verstappen to get a good start and he did exactly that jumping Carlos Sainz and taking second place, enabling him to go after Charles Leclerc for the lead.

Fernando Alonso also had a great start jumping up to seventh. Overtaking Lewis Hamilton in the process who dropped down to eighth. Daniel Ricciardo made a good start getting himself into eleventh. Mick Schumacher, Kevin Magnussen, Zhou Guanyu and Esteban Ocon all made up three places on the start. Alex Albon also had a decent start getting his Williams up into sixteenth.

Hamilton got himself back past Alonso on lap three, up to seventh from there. By lap six Schumacher and Magnussen were up to tenth and eleventh.

Zhou by lap seven was forced to retire from the race via a technical issue, which was revealed to be a water leak. Disappointing for Zhou who was doing well up until that point.

During the first part of the race Verstappen was on the back of Leclerc but just did not have enough. That was until lap nine where he took the lead of the race with a move into turn 1.

Ricciardo who dropped a couple of places after having a good start got himself back up to twelfth on lap eleven. The following lap Yuki Tsunoda pitted for a set of hard tyres, and come the end of lap twelve, Leclerc cost himself time in his bid to fight back to Verstappen by locking up and losing a couple of seconds.

With George Russell starting further down the grid it was an opportunity to come back through the field, and that is what he did. By lap fourteen he was up to eleventh place. Schumacher came into pit for hard tyres.

Lap sixteen Alonso came in and pitted, slow stop caused him to just come out ahead of the cars behind. The same lap seen Sebastian Vettel make a great move on Nicholas Latifi. Following lap Albon pits.

Sergio Perez was showing the pace he had in the Red Bull, and it was bringing him closer to Sainz in third. End of lap nineteen Lando Norris pitted for hard tyres, as he came out, he was interjected into the ongoing battle between Stroll, Vettel, Magnussen, and Schumacher in which he lost all four places. This being the result of the slow stop he received.

A lot of pitstops happened in the next few laps with Hamilton pitting on lap twenty-three, Leclerc on lap twenty-five, Verstappen the next lap, Valtteri Bottas the lap after who came out just behind Russell, and lap twenty-eight with Sainz and Perez pitting.

Throughout the race, Aston Martin and Haas were battling it out, this continued on lap thirty-one where Vettel took thirteenth from Magnussen, only to lose out on two places to both Haas drivers on the next lap. Four laps later Norris got past Vettel as well, after a lock up from the German. This gave Norris fourteenth.

With Alonso and Gasly fighting it out for ninth, Alonso dived into turn 1 a little too hot, then collided with Gasly. Both drivers continued on, but it did result later in Alonso getting a five second time penalty. This cost Gasly another place, this time to Stroll.

Two laps later, with Gasly having damage to contend with, going through the first sector struggling. Norris came up behind him, a collision between Norris and Gasly as Norris was trying to breeze past but got caught on Gasly’s front left wheel. This meant an end to Norris’s race. Which also caused a virtual safety car to be enabled, which then turned into a full safety car.

With the safety car out, it presented an opportunity to pit for some drivers. Ocon, Russell, Gasly, Vettel, Ricciardo and Perez all pitted under the safety car.

The restart came at the end of lap forty-six. With Perez having fresh tyres he immediately was on the back of Sainz, he just was not able to get past the Spaniard here. Ricciardo gains a place on Magnussen for thirteenth. Russell now with new tyres was close to getting past his team-mate.

The end of lap forty-nine had Bottas going wide out of the ending hairpin which lost him two places to both Mercedes. By the next lap, Russell had overtaken Hamilton. The same lap saw Leclerc get as close to Verstappen as he had been since he lost the lead but did not have enough to get the lead back.

On lap fifty-two it seemed as though Perez would finally get third from Sainz but was not to be as Perez locked up into turn 1, therefore allowing Sainz to take back third.

Two laps later a collision would happen between Schumacher and Vettel, who had been at it all race long. Originally, Vettel had gained two places on Schumacher and Ocon. Going into turn 1, Schumacher crashed into Vettel, effectively sending them both out of any chance of points and all the way down to last.

This chaos allowed Albon to take advantage and gain tenth, giving Williams a chance at getting another point.

End of the race saw Verstappen take the win after a great drive, Leclerc came in second and Sainz was able to hold off Perez to finish third, meaning Perez had to settle for fourth, missing out on the podium. Russell finished fifth, ahead of his team-mate Hamilton in sixth. Bottas, Ocon, Alonso and Albon rounded out the top ten. However, due to another penalty Alonso received after the race, Albon was promoted to ninth, and Stroll getting tenth and a point for Aston Martin.

With the Alonso penalties, he was classified eleventh, Tsunoda twelfth, Ricciardo thirteenth, Latifi fourteenth and Schumacher fifteenth. With the rest of drivers being classified as not finishing.

While Leclerc still holds the lead of the championship, it has been reduced now to 19 points with Verstappen’s win in Miami. Perez being another 19 points behind Verstappen.

With Red Bull getting these wins it is also shrinking Ferrari’s lead at the top of the constructor’s championship, with the gap only being 6 points now. Mercedes are now 62 points off the top, and while they could still make a comeback, winning races will be crucial if that were to happen. McLaren keep fourth while Alfa Romeo get up to fifth with a 5 point gap to Alpine in sixth. Alpha Tauri and Haas are only 1 point apart in seventh and eighth, with Alpha Tauri on top. Then Aston Martin and Williams take the bottom two spots with Aston Martin on 6 and Williams on 3.

Going back to Europe for the next couple of races with the Spanish GP and Monaco GP. Can Ferrari bounce back with a couple of wins or will Red Bull show their pace again and keep on winning? Will Sainz be able to pick up his maiden win when we get to his home race? Whatever the case, it should be an interesting next leg in the championship.

F1 Miami GP Race Results

1 - Max Verstappen (Red Bull)

2 - Charles Leclerc (Ferrari)

3 - Carlos Sainz (Ferrari)

4 - Sergio Perez (Red Bull)

5 - George Russell (Mercedes) 6 - Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes)

7 - Valtteri Bottas (Alfa Romeo)

8 - Esteban Ocon (Alpine)

9 - Alexander Albon (Williams)

10 - Lance Stroll (Aston Martin)

11 - Fernando Alonso (Alpine)

12 - Yuki Tsunoda (Alpha Tauri)

13 - Daniel Ricciardo (McLaren)

14 - Nicholas Latifi (Williams)

15 - Mick Schumacher (Haas) DNF - Kevin Magnussen (Haas) DNF - Sebastian Vettel (Aston Martin)

NC - Pierre Gasly (Alpha Tauri)

NC - Lando Norris (McLaren)

NC - Zhou Guanyu (Alfa Romeo)